Document Type : Original Article
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Given the vulnerability of female adolescents and the great sensitivity of suicidal ideation, it seems essential to study the etiology of this tendency and take precise actions to reduce and control it. Hence, the present study was conducted to investigate the role of parental authority and psychological symptoms in anticipating the suicidal ideation of female adolescents. The research method was descriptive-correlational and the population consisted of all female secondary school students in Naghadeh during the 2019-2020 academic year. Of this population, a sample consisting of 120 people was selected using multistage cluster sampling. The Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI), Buri Parental Authority Questionnaire and the Mental Disorders Checklist-Short Form were used to collect data and multiple regression was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the tendency for suicidal ideation had a negative relationship with parental authority and a positive relationship with psychological symptoms (p < 0.01). Regression results also indicated that 24% of the variance in adolescent suicidal ideation was explained by parental authority and psychological symptoms (p < 0.05). Thus, based on the results, special attention should be paid to the subject of adolescence in addition to parenting styles so as to prevent high-risk actions especially suicidal ideation among adolescent girls by preventing the occurrence of pathological consequences and symptoms and creating a favorable state of mental health.