Designing an integrated educational protocol based on Islamic religious-psychological teachings and evaluating its effectiveness on resilience of adolescents with tendencies to high-risk behaviors

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.

2 Department of Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

Abstract

The aim of this study was to design and develop an integrated educational protocol based on Islamic religious-psychological teachings and evaluate its effectiveness on the resilience of adolescents with a tendency to high-risk behaviors.  The present study was a pre-test-post-test design with a control group. The population of the present study included all male high school students who were studying in Ardabil in the 2017-2018 academic year.  For sampling, first 200 students were randomly selected through multi-stage sampling. After identifying students with high-risk behaviors using the Iranian Adolescents Risk Scale, the sample was finally randomly selected from 30 students with a tendency to high-risk behaviors based on entry and exit criteria. 15 participants were assigned to the experimental group and 15 to the control group. The Connor and Davidson Resilience Questionnaire and the Iranian Adolescent Risk Scale (IARS) were used to collect the data.  For the experimental group, 8 educational programs designed based on religious-psychological teachings were held for 10 sessions of 60 minutes.  The control group did not receive any intervention. One week after the intervention, both experimental and control groups were post-tested. Analysis of covariance was used to test the hypotheses. The results of data analysis showed that education based on religious-psychological teachings increases the resilience of adolescents with tendencies to high-risk behaviors. According to the results of the present study, it can be said that integrated psychotherapy based on religious-psychological teachings with an Islamic approach is an effective and efficient intervention in increasing resilience and reducing adolescents' tendency to high-risk behaviors

Keywords