Effectiveness of Kephart’s Motor Perception Skills Training on Executive Functions of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Degree Associate Professor of Azarbijan Shahid Madani University , Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Special Child Psychology, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University

3 Department of cognitive and behavioral science in police, Tehran, Iran

10.22098/jrp.2022.10684.1092

Abstract

One of the new treatment methods studied and applied by a majority of researchers of autism is body and movement centering methodology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Kephart’s motor-perception skills training an executive functioning of children with autism spectrum disorders. The research method was semi-experimental with pre-test-post-test design applied on two experimental and control groups. The statistical population consisted of all children aged 5-18 years old with autism in Arak city in 2019, 30 of which were selected through the available sampling method. They were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The experimental group participated in Kephart’s Motor-Perception Skills training during the twelve weeks (3 sessions in per week), each session for 2 hours, and no intervention was performed in the control group. The research tool was the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF). Data were analyzed using covariance analysis by SPSS software. Testing the hypothesis of the research, the effectiveness of Kephart’s motor-perception skills training on executive functioning of children with autism spectrum disorders, showed that performing Kephart’s training had a significant effect (p<0.05) an improving the executive functions of children with autism spectrum dysfunction. It can be said, students in the upper grades are incompatible aspects of emotional regulation, this interaction leads to a much greater impact on their emotional problems.

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