Comparsion the effectiveness of compassion therapy and meta cognitive therapy on the meta emotions in nurses

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 PhD student, Department of Psychology, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Urmia branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran

10.22098/jrp.2022.11300.1131

Abstract

Tough and most intense job conditions make nurses unable to control negative emotion and meta-emotion and weaken their job performance. The present study was conducted with the aim of comparing the effectiveness of compassion therapy and meta-cognitive therapy on nurses’ meta-emotion levels. The research method was experimental with a pre-test, post-test and follow-up design. The statistical sample of this research included 60 nurses from hospitals at Tabriz in 2022, and they were randomly assigned to three groups of compassion therapy, meta-cognitive therapy and the control group. To collect the data, Mitmansgruber et al’s (2009) meta-emotions scale was used. Then, the data were analyzed using the mixed analysis of variance model, Tukey's and Benferroni's post hoc tests with the use of SPSS statistical software (version 22). The results showed that the effect of time factor on the amount of meta-emotion and its dimensions is significant. In other words, except compassion and interest, the amount of other dimensions of meta-emotions has decreased from pre-test to follow-up. Also, the interaction effect of time and group indicated that there was a significant difference between the compassion therapy and meta-cognitive therapy and control groups in the amount of anger , shame, anger control , suppression , compassion and interest. Considering the effectiveness of compassion and meta-cognitive therapys on the level of nurses’ meta-emotion, it seems that the application of compassion-based therapy and meta-cognitive therapy interventions will improve and moderate the level of meta-emotion in nurses.

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