Explaining Separation Anxiety: A Qualitative Study

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department Of Psychology, Tehran North Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department Of Psychology and Counseling, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran




Purpose: Separation anxiety disorder is one of the issues and problems that lead to academic failure and leads to huge losses for parents and society. The aim of this study was to qualitative research on separation anxiety disorder in preschool children.

Methodology: The present research method was qualitative with a grounded theory approach based on the Charmaz constructivist model. The population included mothers of children with separation anxiety disorder in Tehran in 1399, from which 10 mothers were selected by homogeneous purposeful method until saturation. The semi-structured interview method was used to collect data and data were analyzed with the MAX-QDA 2020 software version

Findings: 370 primary codes, 4 themes including the position of strategic management application, the position of the determining father-affected mother, the effective position of the underlying factors, and the position of the child's sensitivity in infancy and childhood and showed a central category of early sensitivity to interactions and environment.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that inadequate understanding of interactions and dysfunctional parenting strategies are effective in separation anxiety, and therefore to prevent this disorder, parental educational interventions and the involvement of fathers in parenting are recommended.